Wetland Restoration Creating Urban Oasis for People, Wildlife

Project Summary: What was once a heavily commercialized site has now been restored to a natural state, with the entrenched creek liberated, native trees and shrubs planted, and a six-acre wetland created.

Project Name: West Creek Confluence Project

Location: Independence, Ohio

Description: In the 1950s and 1960s, when Granger Road in the city of

The removal of 80,000 yards of dirt to deepen the West Creek channel is well underway by October, 2013. Photo courtesy of the West Creek Conservancy.

The removal of 80,000 yards of dirt to deepen the West Creek channel is well underway by October, 2013. Photo courtesy of the West Creek Conservancy.

Independence was developed, little attention was paid to West Creek. Its floodplains and wetlands were filled. What had been a meandering creek was shunted into a straight channel. On a 10-acre site bisected by the creek, developers built a large parking lot and a store, which later became a warehouse. When the development was finished, impervious surfaces covered 85 percent of the site. As a result, the property became a major conduit of non-point source pollution into West Creek, the Cuyahoga River and Lake Erie. During heavy rains, water ran so quickly through the creek that it scoured away aquatic species and habitat. With the site susceptible to heavy flooding and in need of restoration, the West Creek Preservation Committee and its partners purchased the site after the last tenant moved out. After buying the property, the coalition demolished the building and removed the blacktop. The group has worked to restore West Creek’s floodplain, wetlands, and stream bank.

A conceptual plan shows the new wetlands and riparian buffer that will be created by the restoration project. (Photo courtesy of Cleveland Metroparks)

A conceptual plan shows the new wetlands and riparian buffer that have been created by the restoration project. (Photo courtesy of Cleveland Metroparks)

 

Approximate cost of project: $2.2 million for the site acquisition and $2.3 million for the restoration work

Resource challenges addressed: excessive runoff and flooding, disruption of the natural flow of a creek, natural wildlife habitat impaired

Key partners (public and private): The West Creek Preservation Committee is working with partners that include the Northeast Ohio Regional Sewer District, the City of Independence, the Clean Ohio Greenspace Program, the Federal Scenic Byway Program, the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency’s Water Resource Restoration Sponsorship Program, the George Gund Foundation, and the Trust for Public Land.

The West Creek confluence project also includes an oxbow wetland, pictured here, that provides a variety of habitats along the waterway and also slows water during floods. Photo courtesy of the West Creek Conservancy.

The West Creek confluence project also includes an oxbow wetland, pictured here, that provides a variety of habitats along the waterway and slows water during floods. Photo courtesy of the West Creek Conservancy.

Types of jobs created: Demolition, engineering and design, and construction.

Results and accomplishments:

In May of 2013 about 80,000 yards of dirt was removed to give the entrenched creek room to meander. 1,000 linear feet of the riverbank that was formerly covered in large stones, concrete, and rebar was restored. A six-acre wetland complex with an oxbow was added to provide habitat for animals and to absorb flood waters as necessary. Northern pike, walleye, steelhead, and smallmouth bass have all returned. Over 6,000 native trees and shrubs have been planted with 4,000 more planned for the spring of 2014. The vegetation will filter pollutants and the project will reduce the amount of storm water leaving the site. What’s more, the site will be publicly accessible, and provide a point of access to the Cuyahoga Valley Scenic Railroad once it is running and will eventually connect to the Ohio and Erie Canal Towpath Trail.

Website: http://www.independenceohio.org/Portals/0/EconDev/WCCP.pdf

Originally Published: August 8, 2013

Updated: February 5, 2014

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